As your hair grows continuously, the end is always the oldest part of your strands. The longer your hair locks, the elder your hair end is. It cannot be denied that the end is the most vulnerable part of your hair which easily becomes dry and brittle if you do not give it good care. “Split end” refers to the splitting or fraying of the hair strand. It is one of the warning signs to inform your hair problems. We would like to discuss some solutions to repair different types of split ends for a fresh look.
What causes types of split ends?
Some people may think your hair ends have “lived” for a long time then split ends are must-haves. However, many people with new haircut also have this problem. It clearly proves that not only “old” hair ends could be split.
Firstly, mechanical damage is one of the most significant reasons. You cannot avoid hair contact with stuff such as your clothes or accidental touches, yet you can get rid of bad habits such as brushing your hair too much or rub it with rough towels.
Chemical treatments for hair dye, hair straightening or perm can also cause split ends as they make your hair strands weak and damaging. We know it is hard to get rid of chemical treatments, but if you have your hair dyed, for example, make sure to know the hair care process after you color it.
Your hair cannot speak; yet if it could, it would tell you that high heat is a big enemy that contributes to turning your hair strands into “feathers”.
Last but not least, you should also count your physical and mental health conditions. If you feel healthy, your hair should likely look healthy, too.
Different types of split ends require different ways to repair
You may just imagine that split ends happens when every single hair is split into 2, 3, or more branches. However, there are a lot of split ends types that show different problems and require distinctive repairing methods. Here are the 5 most common types that you may have.
The Basic Split
The basic split is the most common type of split end which has a Y shape. This happens at the early stage of damage when the cortical cells are still mostly held together, but large sections are about to separate.
This is most often caused by mechanical damages mentioned above. Hence, to repair split ends, apart from avoiding rough contact with your hair, you should also lock your hair ends with an oil-based product after using a moisturizer.
The Single Strand Knot
This usually happens with curly, coily, and kinky hair. It is when a single hair wraps upon itself forming a knot. You could say a knot is not quite a split yet; however, it will generally make your strands break during combing and styling and finally lead to damages and split ends.
How to repair?
You would better change your shampooing habit as knots usually appears when you massage your hair in the circle direction. Before shampooing, make sure to detangle your hair and separate it into a few bunches if you have considerably thick hair. Wash your hair using hands in a downward motion to help your strands remain tangle-free before applying conditioner and moisturizer.
To avoid hair strands’ unexpected movements, you could make some twists or braids when you kiss your bed or play sports.
This type of splits can be seen anywhere on your hair strands and has an egg shape. In general, those hateful splits appear on the curved loop or bend of kinky and coily hair. Then some form of rubbing of the hair causes the inner cuticle to separate along the hair strands.
You are advised to be patient to detangle your hair by your fingers before using a comb or a brush. In addition, make low buns instead of high buns and use soft hair tie not to create more curved loops or bends on your hair.
If you have to use chemicals, do not forget to use protein treatments to avoid further damages. Hot tools should be at low or medium heat not to burn your hair.
The candle or taper is when the end of the strand is thinner than the rest, like a candle wick. This must be a typical example of the outer cuticle loss. It does not look like a split end, but it could easily lead to severe splitting.
This problem is mainly caused by chemicals and high heat on hair.
To repair split ends, you should never use high heat for styling your hair to have a nice style, as your hair could not look beautiful if it is damaged. Try to minimize the heat and always use heat protectant while using hot tools.
Deep conditioning treatment is better for hair than chemical treatments, of course. In case you already have split ends, using chemicals to style or color your hair will do serious harm to it. Furthermore, frequent trims are essential for your hair renewal. If you are afraid that trimming could unexpectedly shorten your hair, you could use natural juices to boost your hair length and also relax your strands.
The Tree and or Feather
This is the most serious split among the 5 types introduced here. The end will look like a fork split; or maybe split further up the strand, especially on one side. That could be explained that one side of your hair is more damaged than the other.
The splits are likely resulted from unhealthy hair care practices mentioned above. You also need protein, proper moisture and to trim the damaged hair.
In case you are not so sure about the real causes and solutions, we suggest you visit a hair specialist for professional advice.
There must be more types of split ends that you thought and it is interesting to really understand some typical ones. We hope to help you realize your own problem and find the best solution for it.